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By H. W. F. Saggs

For plenty of centuries it used to be authorized that civilization all started with the Greeks and Romans. over the last 2 hundred years, despite the fact that, archaeological discoveries in Egypt, Mesopotamia, Crete, Syria, Anatolia, Iran, and the Indus Valley have printed that wealthy cultures existed in those areas a few thousand years prior to the Greco-Roman period. during this interesting paintings, H.W.F Saggs provides a wide-ranging survey of the extra striking achievements of those societies, displaying how a lot the traditional peoples of the close to and heart East have inspired the styles of our day-by-day lives. Saggs discussesthe the discovery of writing, tracing it from the earliest pictograms (designed for account-keeping) to the Phoenician alphabet, the resource of the Greek and all ecu alphabets. He investigates teh curricula, instructing equipment, and values of the colleges from which scribes graduated. examining the provisions of a few of the legislation codes, he illustrates the operation of foreign legislations and the overseas exchange that it made attainable. Saggs highlights the inventive ways in which those historical peoples used their normal assets, describing the immense works in stone created through the Egyptians, the improvement of know-how in bronze and iron, and the creation of valuable vegetation into areas outdoor their common habitat. In chapters on arithmetic, astronomy, and medication, he deals attention-grabbing reasons approximately how sleek calculations of time derive from the traditional global, how the Egyptians practiced clinical surgical procedure, and the way the Babylonians used algebra. The e-book concludes with a dialogue of old faith, exhibiting its evolution from the main primitive varieties towards monotheism.

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