Download E-books National Security in the Obama Administration: Reassessing the Bush Doctrine PDF

The Bush Doctrine is lifeless! at the very least that’s what critics wish. yet whereas new U.S. nationwide safety demanding situations emerge, many post-9/11 threats nonetheless persist and the regulations of George W. Bush provide one set of strategic solutions for a way President Obama can confront these risks. Neither a polemic nor a whitewash, this ebook presents a cautious research of the Bush Doctrine―its improvement, program, and rationale―and assesses its legacy: How will Obama reply to the numerous international coverage demanding situations that watch for him?

Through an exam of psychology up to coverage, Renshon provides us the 1st comparative research of the Bush Doctrine and the constructing Obama Doctrine. The e-book analyzes the variety of nationwide protection matters Obama will face and the political divisions that permeate U.S. nationwide defense debates. It is key examining for an individual trying to know the way presidents determine safety hazards often and the way Obama particularly is probably going to evolve the Bush Doctrine to his personal worldview.

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Download E-books U.S. Strategy for Pakistan and Afghanistan: Independent Task Force Report PDF

By Daniel S. Markey

Pakistan and Afghanistan are either one of nice strategic significance to the USA and should stay major nationwide safeguard priorities for the foreseeable destiny. From a U.S. standpoint, they current a number of significant safeguard, diplomatic, and fiscal demanding situations. either international locations are severe to neighborhood and overseas defense and stability.

This file reports and assesses present U.S. coverage within the quarter, treating the demanding situations in Pakistan and Afghanistan as attached but in addition certain. the duty strength bargains tips about find out how to adapt U.S. coverage to such a lot successfully deal with either the shortand long term demanding situations the U.S. faces in South Asia.

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Download E-books Coercion, Cooperation, and Ethics in International Relations PDF

By Richard Ned Lebow

This quantity brings jointly the new essays of Richard Ned Lebow, one of many major students of diplomacy and US international coverage.

Lebow's paintings has targeted at the instrumental worth of ethics in overseas coverage selection making and the disastrous effects which stick to while moral criteria are flouted. in contrast to such a lot realists who've thought of moral concerns inappropriate in states' calculations in their nationwide curiosity, Lebow has argued that self curiosity, and accordingly, nationwide curiosity can basically be formulated intelligently inside a language of justice and morality. The essays right here construct in this pervasive subject in Lebow's paintings via featuring his important and compelling critique of suggestions of deterrence and compellence, illustrating empirically and normatively how those ideas usually produce effects counter to those who are meant. The final component of the e-book, on counterfactuals, brings jointly one other set of similar articles which proceed to probe the connection among ethics and coverage. They accomplish that by means of exploring the contingency of occasions to indicate the subjective, and infrequently self-fulfilling, nature of the frameworks we use to judge coverage offerings.

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Download E-books McCarthy's Americans: Red Scare Politics in State and Nation, 1935-1965 PDF

By M. J. Heale

Was the communist witch-hunt unleashed by way of Senator Joe McCarthy an aberration, or has purple scare politics been an intrinsic a part of American political lifestyles because the Nineteen Thirties? used to be McCarthyism a populist or an elitist phenomenon? was once Senator McCarthy nearly beside the point to the phenomenon?

McCarthy's Americans exhibits that the various contending interpretations of McCarthyism are collectively appropriate and divulges the significance of pressures frequently ignored. M. J. Heale's deeply probing examine of McCarthy's "hinterland" within the American states demonstrates that what's frequently known as McCarthyism used to be a part of a political cycle that emerged within the Nineteen Thirties and took twenty years to run its course.

Heale additionally argues that a lot of the purple scare dynamic got here from the massive towns and the white South. It was once the following diversity of pursuits displaying a fundamentalist fury with the altering occasions that the political order had shaped through the New Deal years rested on fragile foundations. Defying the "consensus liberalism" of the Fifties, McCarthy and, extra vital, the numerous little McCarthys within the states saved alive a model of right-wing politics, getting ready the best way for George Wallace within the Sixties and the revitalized conservatism of Richard Nixon within the Nineteen Seventies and Ronald Reagan within the 1980s.

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Download E-books Confronting the Bomb: A Short History of the World Nuclear Disarmament Movement (Stanford Nuclear Age Series) PDF

Confronting the Bomb tells the dramatic, inspiring tale of the way citizen activism helped cut down the nuclear hands race and forestall nuclear warfare. This abbreviated model of Lawrence Wittner's award-winning trilogy, The fight opposed to the Bomb, exhibits how a world, grassroots campaign—the biggest social circulate of recent times—challenged the nuclear priorities of the nice powers and, finally, thwarted their nuclear objectives. in line with significant study within the records of peace and disarmament agencies and in previously best mystery govt files, huge interviews with antinuclear activists and executive officers, and memoirs and different released fabrics, Confronting the Bomb opens a different window on probably the most vital problems with the trendy period: survival within the nuclear age. It covers the whole interval of vital competition to the bomb, from the ultimate levels of the second one international conflict as much as the current. alongside the way in which, it presents interesting glimpses of the interplay of key nuclear disarmament activists and policymakers, together with Albert Einstein, Harry Truman, Albert Schweitzer, Norman Cousins, Nikita Khrushchev, Bertrand Russell, Andrei Sakharov, Linus Pauling, Dwight Eisenhower, Harold Macmillan, John F. Kennedy, Randy Forsberg, Mikhail Gorbachev, Helen Caldicott, E.P. Thompson, and Ronald Reagan. total, even if, it's a tale of renowned mobilization and its effectiveness.

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Download E-books Article 40: Child Criminal Justice (Commentary on the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, 40) PDF

By Geraldine Van Bueren

This quantity constitutes a remark on Article forty of the United countries conference at the Rights of the kid. it really is a part of the sequence, A remark at the United international locations conference at the Rights of the Child, which gives a piece of writing by way of article research of all important, organizational and procedural provisions of the CRC and its not obligatory Protocols. for each article, a comparability with comparable human rights provisions is made, by way of an in-depth exploration of the character and scope of nation duties deriving from that article. The sequence constitutes a necessary instrument for actors within the box of young children rights, together with lecturers, scholars, judges, grassroots staff, governmental, non- governmental and overseas officials. The sequence is backed by means of the Belgian Federal technological know-how coverage Office.

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Download E-books Crimes against Humanity: Birth of a Concept PDF

By Norman Geras

This booklet tells the tale of the emergence of the concept that of crimes opposed to humanity. It examines its origins, the moral assumptions underpinning it, its felony and philosophical limitations, and a few of the controversies attached with it. a short historic creation is by means of an exploration of a number of the meanings of the time period "crimes opposed to humanity" which have been urged; a definition is proposed linking it to the assumption of simple human rights. The booklet appears to be like at a few issues of the limits of the concept that, the brink for its right software and the similar factor of humanitarian intervention. It concludes with a dialogue of the customers for the extra improvement of crimes-against-humanity legislations. The paintings serves as a transparent and compact creation for college students of politics, philosophy and legislations, in addition to for the final studying public.

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Download E-books Borderlands: Comparing Border Security in North America and Europe (Governance Series) PDF

Border protection has been excessive on public-policy agendas in Europe and North the US because the September eleven, 2001 assaults at the international exchange Centre in manhattan urban and at the headquarters of the yank army in Washington DC. Governments at the moment are faced with handling safe borders, a coverage aim that during this period of elevated loose alternate and globalization needs to compete with excessive cross-border flows of individuals and items. Border-security regulations needs to let safety team of workers to spot, or filter, harmful members and ingredients from one of the hundreds of thousands of tourists and a whole bunch items that move borders day-by-day, quite in huge cross-border city regions.

This booklet addresses this hole among defense wishes and an realizing of borders and borderlands. particularly, the chapters during this quantity ask policy-makers to acknowledge that primary components outline borders and borderlands: first, human activities (the enterprise and agent strength of person ties and forces spanning a border), and moment, the broader social processes that body person motion, comparable to industry forces, govt actions (law, laws, and policies), and the nearby tradition and politics of a borderland.

Borders become the traditionally and geographically variable expression of human ties exercised inside of social constructions of various strength and effect, and it's the interaction and interdependence among people's incentives to behave and the encircling constructions (i.e. developed social methods that include and constrain person motion) that make sure the effectiveness of border protection policies.

This booklet argues that the character of borders is to be porous, that is an issue for safeguard coverage makers. It exhibits that after for fiscal, cultural, or political purposes human actions elevate throughout a border and borderland, governments have to elevate cooperation and collaboration in regards to protection regulations, if purely to prevent imposing mismatched protection policies.

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Download E-books The Crime of Reason: And the Closing of the Scientific Mind PDF

By Robert B. Laughlin

We all agree that the loose circulation of principles is vital to creativity. And we adore to think that during our sleek, technological global, details is extra freely to be had and flows speedier than ever earlier than. yet in response to Nobel Laureate Robert Laughlin, buying info is turning into a risk or perhaps a crime. more and more, the relatively worthy info is deepest estate or a nation mystery, with the outcome that it truly is now effortless for a flash of perception, solely innocently, to infringe a patent or threaten nationwide safety. the general public can pay little consciousness simply because this very important info is “technical”—but, Laughlin argues, details is frequently categorized technical so it may be sequestered, no longer sequestered simply because it’s technical. The expanding regulations on details in such fields as cryptography, biotechnology, and software program layout are making a new darkish Age: a time characterised no longer through gentle and fact yet by means of disinformation and lack of knowledge. hence we discover ourselves dealing progressively more with the Crime of cause, the delinquent and infrequently outright unlawful nature of sure highbrow activities.

The Crime of Reason is a reader-friendly jeremiad, On Bullshit for the Slashdot and inventive Commons crowd: a brief, fiercely argued essay on an issue of accelerating difficulty to humans on the frontiers of recent ideas.

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