By Joanna S. Smith
Dramatic social and political swap marks the interval from the top of the past due Bronze Age into the Iron Age (ca. 1300-700 BCE) around the Mediterranean. Inland palatial facilities of bureaucratic energy weakened or collapsed ca. 1200 BCE whereas entrepreneurial trade by way of sea survived or even elevated, changing into the Mediterranean-wide community of Phoenician alternate. on the middle of that method was once Kition, one of many biggest harbor towns of old Cyprus. past examine has prompt that Phoenician rule was once confirmed at Kition after the abandonment of a part of its Bronze Age cost. A reexamination of Kition's structure, stratigraphy, inscriptions, sculpture, and ceramics demonstrates that it was once now not deserted. This research emphasizes the location and scale of pictures and the way they show the advance of monetary and social keep an eye on at Kition from its institution within the 13th century BCE till the improvement of a centralized kind of govt through the Phoenicians, sponsored via the Assyrian king, in 707 BCE.
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